Style of rolling developed by Greenlandic hunters to recover from a capsize in a hunting situation. The Greenlandic word for kayak rolling is kinngusaqattaarneq?
Modern Greenland style paddlers may compete in the [Greenland National Championship]? every summer. There are 30 distinct rolling maneuvers, performed on each side for a possible 60 rolls.
List of rolls and notes taken from: http://www.qajaqusa.org/QK/rolls/rolls.html
Note that the original page now contains the Greenlandic? term for each roll, as well as an audio clip of Maligiaq Padilla pronouncing the term
Click here for a literal translation of the rolling terms
Kunuunnguaq Davidsen, Nuuk 2000. Photo Copyright by Greg Stamer
- Side sculling Two points/side
- Chest sculling Two points/side
- Standard Greenland roll (start tucked forward, finish leaning aft, recover to start position) Two points/side
- Rolling with paddle held in crook of elbow (inboard hand grasps the paddle blade as per a standard roll, outboard hand holds the paddle clamped in the elbow). Three points/side
- Storm roll - hands held in normal or extended paddling position (start tucked forward, finish tucked forward. The inboard hand stays in contact with the deck/hull throughout roll). Three points/side
- Reverse sweep roll (sweep from stern to bow in a low brace, finish tucked forward). Three points/side
- Spine roll (start with paddle behind back, along spine and projecting over your head, tuck forward, finish leaning aft, recover to start position.) You are permitted to cup your hand around the tip of the paddle. Three points/side
- Behind the back (start with paddle behind back, against gunwale leaning aft, finish with paddle behind back leaning slightly forward. Sculling motion for recovery is permitted). You are permitted to cup your hand around the tip of the paddle. Three points/side
- Standard roll with paddle behind neck. Four points/side.
- Reverse sweep roll with paddle behind neck. Four points/side
- Armpit roll (one arm sweep roll with end of paddle held in armpit). Your outboard hand holds the paddle palm-up, during the sweep. The inboard hand is placed over the hull during recovery as a counterweight. Three points/side
- Vertical sculling roll (hold the paddle in an extended low brace position and raise your upper hand so that it is close to your forehead, your palms face toward the gunwale, capsize and scull up with the paddle held vertically, to starting position or slightly tucked forward). Four points/side
- [Sculling roll with paddle held horizontally, in contact with the foredeck]?. Four points/side
- Rolling with the arms crossed (similar to storm roll). Five points/side
- Sculling roll with paddle held under the kayak. Five points/side
- [Quick succession of storm rolls]?, the most rolls performed in 10 seconds wins. Five points/side
- [Quick succession of standard rolls]?, the most rolls performed in 10 seconds wins. Four points/side
- Roll with hunting float - (For a roll starting with a capsize on the left, the float is tied to the right side of the kayak, and vice-versa. Float is tied tightly with one line to the decklines aft of the cockpit and another line to the decklines at the stern so that float rides in the water on the side of the kayak just aft of the cockpit. Once float is rigged, perform a standard roll (with paddle), the float provides strong resistance to test your roll. Five points/side
- [Throwing stick, start tucked forward, finish tucked forward]?. Six points/side
- [Throwing stick, start leaning aft, sweep from stern to bow, finish tucked forward]?. Six points/side
- Throwing stick, start tucked forward, finish leaning aft. Your sweeping hand must be palm-up during the roll. In execution, this roll is very similar to roll #11, the Armpit roll. Six points/side
- Hand roll, start tucked forward, finish tucked forward. Seven points/side
- [Hand roll, start leaning aft, sweep from stern to bow, finish tucked forward]?. Seven points/side
- Hand roll, start tucked forward, finish leaning aft. Your sweeping hand must be palm-up during the roll .In execution, this roll is very similar to roll #11, the "armpit" roll. Seven points/side
- [Hand roll with a clenched fist]?, any method (most popular was using roll #24; rules required holding a Ping-Pong ball to ensure fist was closed; off-hand can be flung over the hull as a counterweight). Eight points/side
- Hand roll holding an Eight kilogram brick or stone (the off-hand can be flung over the hull as a counterweight). Nine points/side
- Elbow roll. Start tucked forward with one hand clasped behind neck, finish leaning aft (the off-hand can be flung over the hull as a counterweight). Ten points/side
- Straight jacket, no hands-roll (roll with the arms crossed, arms must stay pressed to chest). Eleven points/side
- Paddling upside down. You must travel a marked course. Scoring is one point for the first three meters and an additional point for each two meters traveled.
- Side Walrus Pull. Prevent a capsize with five men pulling the kayak sideways from shore. Line travels from attachment point just aft of the cockpit, away from shore, under the kayak, and into hands of men on shore. Kayak must be pulled at least fifteen meters. Nine points, perform one side of your choice
Notes on scoring and rules:
- Except for paddling upside down and the side pull, each maneuver is performed on both your right and left sides. Each side is scored separately. In other words you are scored for performing almost sixty maneuvers, not thirty.
- Except for the two rolls noted above (paddle held behind back and spine roll), you are not permitted to cup your hand around the tip of the paddle blade.
- If you fail your first attempt at a maneuver/side, you may try again. If your second attempt is successful, you are awarded one point less than the point values listed above. If your second try fails no points are awarded for the attempt and you must move on to the next maneuver or side.
- You can perform as many or as few of the maneuvers as desired. You can skip entire rolls or just pass on performing the roll on one side. It is considered good manners to stop once you can no longer perform additional rolls, in order to save time.
- If two kayakers finish with the same score, the competitor who completed the rolls in the least amount of time is ranked higher.
- Paddles can be replaced if broken during the rolling competition. Paddles can contain plastic only if used as a substitute for bone (paddle edges and tips).
- Greenlandic competitors are required to wear a sealskin tuiliq; foreign competitors are permitted to wear neoprene or other materials.
- PFDs are not permitted for the rolling event.
- Gloves?/mittens? may be worn for the rolling competition, including the [hand roll]?ing maneuvers. Greenlandic? competitors are required to wear sealskin? mittens; foreigners are allowed to wear neoprene.
- All rolling kayaks must have at least 1.5 centimeters of freeboard, with kayaker seated in kayak. Rule added after the competition.
- Foreign paddlers were aided with interpreters on shore, when available. When no interpreters were available, the judges "mimed" the motion of the expected roll.
- Competitors are permitted to wear nose clips, although most participants did not use them.
- Several of the best rollers advocated learning the rolls on your off-side? first. This way the hardest task is accomplished first. If you learn on your strong-side, it is all too easy to move on to a new roll after initial success, before mastering your off-side.